Kathmandu - General Info
The gateway to a mystical land of temples, mountains and monasteries, Kathmandu is still the jewel at the end of the backpacker trail. In this captivating capital city, gilded stupas burst out of hidden courtyards, and winding alleyways open suddenly onto civic squares studded with medieval temples. Protected by a sheer mountain wall, Kathmandu has changed only superficially since its heyday as an independent city state, fighting for dominance with its near neighbours, Patan and Bhaktapur. During this golden era, the city streets were filled with some of the most striking architecture in Asia - tall, step-roofed pagoda temples, red-brick palaces with intricately carved timbers and golden stupas adorned with the eyes of Buddha. With the end of the countrys decade-long civil war, Kathmandu is again overflowing with gap-year students, dreadlocked hippies and Gore-Tex clad trekkers, swapping stories of adventure over plates of Tibetan dumplings before heading for the high mountain passes. In between expeditions to the mountains, travellers spend laid-back days exploring the medieval city-states that dot the valley floor - ancient Patan, historic Bhaktapur and Kathmandu itself, where internet cafs and pizza restaurants stand side by side with centuries-old temples and statue-filled courtyards. Listed since 1979 as a UNESCO World Heritage site, the centre of Kathmandu is a living museum of Hindu and Buddhist art, with temples, palaces, shrines and effigies of multi-armed deities scattered across its narrow streets. Almost everybody circumnavigates the famous Buddhist stupa at Boudhanath and makes the dramatic ascent to the towering monkey temple at Swayambhunath, one of the oldest religious sites in Nepal. The first port of call for new arrivals is the old town, which stretches from Durbar Square to Thamel, the main hang-out for trekkers and backpackers. From here, everything is accessible on foot, by rickshaw, or by rented bike or motorcycle. However, many of Kathmandus finest hotels are secreted in the suburbs, offering views of misty mountains and ancient Buddhist stupas.